Marijuana use among all age groups has been increasing, including among older adults aged ≥65 years. There is a lack of epidemiologic data examining arrhythmia risk among users of marijuana. We evaluated cross-sectional associations between current and past marijuana smoking and arrhythmias among 1485 participants from the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis who underwent extended ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring with the Zio Patch XT. Outcomes included premature atrial contractions, runs of supraventricular tachycardia, premature ventricular contractions, and runs of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT). Compared with never users, participants reporting current use of marijuana (n = 40, 3%) had more supraventricular tachycardia/day (adjusted geometric mean ratio [GMR] 1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.87 to 2.32), more premature atrial contractions/hour (GMR 1.22, 95% CI 0.72, 2.13), and more NSVT/day (GMR 1.28, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.73); although, CIs overlapped 1. Additionally, more frequent marijuana use was associated with more runs of NSVT/day (GMR 1.56, 95% CI 1.13, 2.17). In conclusion, our results suggest that current marijuana use may be associated with a greater burden of arrhythmias. There is a need for additional research, mainly using a prospective design, to clarify if marijuana use causes atrial and ventricular arrhythmias or other cardiovascular complications among older adults.
To read the full study published in the American Journal of Cardiology, click here.
For more information on the International Academy on the Science and Impact of Cannabis, and to join, please visit www.IASIC1.org.
Visit the IASIC Library here (https://iasic1.org/library/). The IASIC Library is intended as a user-friendly reference of the published medical literature.